My Guitars and set up.

This is my guitars and pedal set up.

I would classify my guitar playing style as British blues. I am also a big fan of British invasion music because that what I grew up with.


Back in the old days I was a purist snob refusing to use any kind of pedal and played through a 100 watt Marshall stack with three 4 x 12 cabinets (only two were plugged in, no reason, it just looked cool). Today I have embraced pedals. I use discrete pedals primarily, but I have a Vox  Tone-lab and Sans Amp to record.

This was my first pedal board. It’s just a rectangular piece of plywood that I painted black. I use plumber’s metal pipe strapping that I bent,taped and then screwed into the board to secure the pedals. This way I didn’t have to physically modify any pedals. I am stubborn when it comes to modifying things.

the electric pig
the electric pig , my 1st board.

I have since redesigned the board. My new pedal-board 


The above configuration, which runs right to left starts with a Boss compressor sustain CS-3.Boss CS-3 Compressor Then a Tube Screamer

TS9 Tube Screamer TS9 Tube Screamer

Then an old OD1OD-1 (which I modified so that the LED. stays on) After that a Marshall Gov’Nor  Gov'Nor  I heard this  guy with great tone and I had to see what he was using. It was a  les Paul, the Gov’nor and a Fender twin. Since My Fender 75 was close to a twin and I had a ’57 Original Gold Top all I was missing was the Gov’nor. The fun about the Gov’nor is that you have similar controls to the Marshall plexi amp. The Fuzz circuit resembles most other Fuzzes. The difference is that  you have more control to shape the sound you need.

After that was a  Vox_king Wah Wah that I picked it up at Manny’s in 1975. I eventually replaced the Volume pot with an Analog Taper Pot  (RS-271-1722) to get a smoother attack .

Vox Wah Wah
Vox wah wah

I have since Moved the Wah ahead of the distortion. Then I have a Boss Tremolo Pan PN2-2 I can’t help but imagine that someone asked Boss for a custom effect like Pan and they charged the guy umpteen dollars only to offer in to everyone at a reasonable price.  Software companies do this all the time, so why not Pedal People. I needed the tremolo for 1 song.  After that it’s DD3 DD3-2 no particular reason, I needed a delay and it was what I found.  Next is a Flanger BF2-2 a BF2. It’s OK Flanger.


After that I had a HR-2 HR-2 This can be a fun pedal. You can play 3 parts harmonies but you have to pick carefully and preset the Key so that you don’t get off-key notes. You can also get a pseudo 12 string sound. At the end was a LB-1 by Electro-Harmonix that I cloned. Recently I decided to add a status LED and found that I had wired it wrong. So I re-built one from the circuit board up. It is real easy. I hope to add this to my Projects page.


All of this is powered by a custom-made regulated power supply that I designed myself and built. It has the following outputs (-9, +9, +/-9, +12). Without the power supply I would go broke buying batteries. There’s this story about Eric Johnson (the tone freak) being able to tell a brand of battery by the tone of the pedal. Boss has two types of battery eliminator and I finally found out that while one puts out 9 volts, the other outputs almost 12 volts. The latter is recommended for the chorus, delay and even their Heavy Metal pedal. Beware of those adjustable volt wall-warts made in China and Taiwan. The voltages rarely are correct. Get yourselves a voltmeter and measure using a 1000-ohm resistor in series with the wall warts output. Measure the voltages.

The room that you play in has probably more to do with your sounds that any other factor. I have found that in some rooms my amp sounds great and in others, I’m ready to chop it up into firewood. One of the reasons that I became a pedal freak is that I want to be able to have a decent controllable sound regardless of the room that I’m working. When your sound is good you worry less and you play better. Always leave yourself time to do a proper sound check. If you can afford it, get a wireless transmitter or if your budget is more modest buy a long lead cable. Listen to your sound from afar. Don’t trust anyone except a good sound man who knows what you want.



My main amp for many years is a Fender model 75. It was produced for a short period around 1980. It’s similar to a twin but features channel switching. It was Fender’s answer to the Mesa Boogie.

Fender 75
Fender 75

I often miss the my old Marshall Plexi 100 watt stack. If you have the money, the strength and a small van, consider a Marshall.

marshall 100
Marshall 100 Watt and I

The Fender fits in the trunk of my car.You can probably find an old ’75 for quite a low price. It weighs in at 60 lbs. The circuitry is almost identical to the Twin Reverb. They didn’t last long in the Fender line but they are quite good. One day I hope to find a deal on a VOX AC-30 or a Vox AC-15.

Vox AC30
Vox AC30

I recently bought a Vox VT-40 because that old Fender 75 seems to get heavier every year. I have used the VT40 with a drummer and it was able to cut it. vox vt40+

If you are into finding out more about tubes, check out the Aspen Pittman book, The Tube Amp Book. It’s full of info and includes schematics for tons of famous amps.
My first amp (I wish I still owned it) was a National. It was sort of like a Twin but smaller. Then I bought a Sears Silvertone. It didn’t cut it with a drummer and other guitars. I had a Fender Princeton rated at 15 watts that sounded great but useless to jam with. So rather than finding out the hard way try to rent or borrow an amp before buying it. I could say that you need about 30 watts to be heard over a drum but it all depends


I have played gigs for longer than I like to admit. There are many things to check. Some of these are basic. Some are common sense.
Always carry spare strings. I always carry a few new sets and spares of the ones that I tend to break more often. I always carry at least two guitars . Whether you gig for free or get paid no one wants to wait while you re-string. I carry spare batteries, picks, tools, flashlight, tape, wire, spare guitar strap and soldering kit. Always bring another guitar jack cable. I also bring pot cleaner.

If at all possible bring a spare amp. If not, bring spare tubes, one of each type. Don’t forget fuses.It’s better to play with a weak tube than not to play at all.
If you carry a PA system bring a spare mike and a spare stand. Things happen no matter how careful you are.
Buy or make some equipment like the movers use. A good hand truck and flat dolly will make your life easier at 4 am when you have to move that 4 x 12 cabinet.dolly-2

I made this mover’s dolly with some scrap 2 x 4 and bit of Dollar store carpet.

I have two tennis sweat bands that I wear one at a time. I always have a change of shirts and tee shirts. I never forget to bring a towel. Baby wipes come in handy especially after wrapping up wires. I now use Velcro strips to hold rolled wires. Tape is way too messy. You can find these Velcro strips at dollar or hardware stores.

Velcro strap
Velcro strap

What else? Bring some paper & pens. Some times you have to make last-minute adjustments to the set list because that easy-going pop bar is now frequented by heavy rocking bikers. I used to draw up large set lists on cardboard so that can be taped to the floor and are big enough to read without bending over. A sharpie and some white card board is a good idea. Do let you audience wait while you figure what song to do. If the song is on the list then be prepared to play it. If not, get it off the list. Tape your band and listen back and note the dead air. There shouldn’t be any. Have another member introduce the next number if someone needs time to switch instruments or tune etc. The pros use the same spiel all the time so when you write down the sets also write down the small talk and rehearse that too.  I know a band that says basically the same stuff for over 30 years.  Have back up instruments when possible. Make a list of jokes, maybe the history of the next song, keep the air full. Please remember where you are. Many a pro has made a mistake like “Hello Cleveland” when they were somewhere else. Be prepared. What could go wrong, will go wrong! I had a nervous bass player plug his amp into his amp and his speakers into his speakers. Poof!!!!!!

Eb tuning or Jamming with Jimi

It is a well-known fact  Jimi Hendrix tuned mostly in Eb. He also tuned down to D and sometimes in concert pitch E. So if you want to blow along with your favorite Jimi song, I suggest you tune down to Eb. In case it’s not clear, just tune every string down half a tone i.e. Eb Ab Db Gb Bb Eb. An easy way to re-tune is to put a capo on the first fret and tune with a tuner. When you remove the tuner you will be in Eb.
You will soon see that almost every one that was ever influenced By Hendrix was tuned down all the time or at least on some recording. Just a few names: Stevie Ray Vaughan, Robin Trower, Yngwie Malmsteen, Frank Marino, Kenny Wayne Shepherd, Eddy Van Halen . There is a way to jam along without re-tuning. Find a WinAmp plug-in called Pacemaker. You can slow down a song without affecting the pitch or lower the pitch without affecting the speed. It’s great for learning riffs. There is also Riffmaster Pro.

 Although they never were linked to Hendrix, what famous group often performed in Eb ?

The Beatles often tuned to Eb in concert. It was probably to save their voices. On both first and third Sullivan shows (the third show was taped the same day as the first show). This is when George Harrison was sick with the flu. The Washington show, the EMI awards show, Shea stadium, and one of the Buddakan (Japan) shows were also in Eb. This has never been documented anywhere to my knowledge and never even been discussed in interviews. I hear studio tracks also in Eb. Any comments, Sir Paul?????

Another interesting tuning is DADGAD. Laurence Juber and Jimmy Page use this a lot. I haven’t yet tried this but check out Laurence Juber on YOUTUBE.

Easy Slide Tuning

Years ago when I had only two guitars I needed a way to play open tuning slide with out having to tune to open D or G. I chose open G By lowering 1 string , E to D . I now had DGBD on the 4 higher stings which forms a G chord. It is a great slide tuning as long as you forget about the lower E and A strings.


I have played Gibson’s, Fenders and Ibanez. I suppose that I am partial to Les Paul’s and Strat’s. The loudest Guitar that I ever owned was a 50’s something Les Paul JR., the same kind that Leslie West used in Mountain. Coupled with a Marshall 100 watt it was a monster.
Don’t just buy a certain guitar just because your idol plays one. Your idol may have bigger or smaller hands than you, stronger fingers etc. If it feels and sounds good then consider it. Always try to buy a well know brand and/or  popular model. This will help if you ever want to sell it. So often I see friends ending up with whatever the local music store stocked. I got caught this way many years ago. I wanted a reverse firebird but the delivery was far too long. I settled for an SG. Within a years or so all my favorite guitar idols were using SG’s.  Since Ebay came around it’s hard to find a good used guitar and at reasonable price. Paying huge sums of money for a guitar should be strictly reserved for people that have too much money to burn. There is hope though. When I started playing, Asian made guitars were crap. That has totally changed. I used to own a 57 Les Paul Gold top not a re-issue but the real McCoy. I was so paranoid that someone would steal it, that I finally sold it and used it for a down payment on my house. You want a guitar that you can play and that isn’t worth a king’s ransom. When I started playing you could buy a used Les Paul sunburst for $100.00. A friend of mine bought a 50’s something Strat for $80.00. They were cheaper than buying some crappy Japanese guitars. Over the last few years I have bought a few Chinese guitars and I am sold on them.
I bought an Electric 12 string Hawk by Jay Turser. Want to get that Byrds, Beatles sound without getting a second mortgage then buy one of these. It’s great and it’s a beautiful looking axe. I paid $225.00 US new. It’s made in China. Nobody I know personally ever owned an electric 12 string. I also bought an Epiphone EJ160e, acoustic-electric. I have a Jay Turser Strat copy. It’s a good guitar. I bought a Gretsch 6122 Country Classic , made in Japan and it’s the most beautiful guitar that I ever owned.  Don’t let anyone tell you that these aren’t fine instruments. Recently I bought a Korean Epiphone Casino and a couple of Indonesian Squire Strats. They are all great. I’m sorry to say but if you can’t play an Asian made guitar well, you aren’t going to play an American made one any better. If you can, bring an experienced ( but un-biased) guitar player with you when you need to buy a guitar. You don’t have to change every part of an Asian guitar either. I remember back in the old days all these guys were changing their tuners. You need to sound good playing acoustically. It’s all in the fingers and attach. A lot of young guitar players when bending strings but go out of bounds. Record yourself. I used to sound like someone was killing chickens. Actually if you listen to Janis Joplin’s first band, the lead playing was atrocious. You have to trin yourself to know what is good and what is flat and annoying.